Tuesday, October 24, 2017
   
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WHAT ARE PRESCRIPTION ORTHOTICS?
Orthotic devices are custom made shoe inserts that are intended to correct an abnormal or irregular walking pattern. Orthotics can make standing, walking, and running more comfortable and efficient by restoring proper foot function and balance. Podiatric physicians prescribe the use of orthotics as a conservative approach to many foot problems. The use of orthotics is a highly successful and practical form of treatment.

WHAT IS A STRESS FRACTURE?
A stress fracture is an incomplete crack in the bone caused by overuse. A foot that is not structurally sound is prone to developing stress fractures. Even a normal foot can easily develop a stress fracture from repetitive use. Symptoms may include pain, redness, and swelling.

WHAT IS FLAT FOOT?
A flat foot is a structural deformity resulting in the lowering of the arch of the foot. This is sometimes referred to as fallen arches. A person with a flat foot or a highly arched foot that is painful is in need of treatment. People with flat feet may have ankle, knee, or low back pain.

WHAT ARE PLANTAR FASCIITIS/ HEEL SPUR SYNDROME?
Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the long band of connective tissue running from the heel to the ball of the foot. Heel spur syndrome is a bony overgrowth on the heel bone. Plantar fasciitis and heel spur syndrome can cause the bottom of the heel and arch to become painful.

WHAT IS A NEUROMA?
A neuroma is a painful condition often referred to as a pinched nerve, swollen nerve, or nerve tumor. It is defined more specifically as a benign growth of nerve tissue frequently found between the third and fourth toes. This may result in pain, burning, tingling, or numbness between the toes and in the ball of the foot.

WHAT IS ATHLETE’S FOOT?
Athlete’s foot is a common infection of the skin and nails characterized by itching, scaling, redness, and the formation of small blisters. The most common areas affected are the bottom of the foot and between the toes. The fungus has the potential to spread to the toenails, causing them to become thickened, discolored, and painful. While this infection is common among athletes, it can affect athletes and non-athletes alike.

WHAT IS AN INGROWN TOENAIL?
An ingrown toenail is a painful condition by the nail digging into the surrounding skin, leading to inflammation and possible infection of the toe. This is a serious condition for people with impaired circulation, diabetes, or other systemic diseases.

WHAT IS A WART?
A wart is a growth in the skin caused by a viral infection. Warts tend to be hard and flat with elevated, rough surfaces with or without well-defined boundaries. Some have one or more black pinpoints. They are frequently called plantar warts because they appear most often on the plantar surface, or sole of the foot. Children, especially teenagers, tend to be more susceptible to warts than adults. If warts are left untreated, they can grow and spread into clusters of several warts.

WHAT IS A HAMMERTOE?
A hammertoe is a contraction deformity, resulting in bony prominences on the toes.

WHAT IS A BUNION?
A bunion is an enlargement at the base of the big toe caused by a misalignment of the joint. It may be swollen, tender, and painful with the wearing of shoes.

WHAT IS AN ULCER?
An ulcer is a breakdown of the skin on an area of the foot. An ulcer can develop quickly and may be painful and difficult to heal. Infection is a common complication.

WHAT IS A FUNGAL NAIL?
A fungal nail is an infection characterized by a change in the toenail’s color, thickness, and quality. It may cause pain and difficulty in walking.

WHAT IS A CALLUS/CORN?
A callus or corn is a build up of skin that forms at points of pressure or over bony prominences.

PREGNANCY & THE FOOT
When a woman is pregnant, the excessive weight gain combined with hormonal release relaxes certain ligaments in the body. As the fetus grows larger, the center of gravity changes from the lower back to the front of the body. In the later stages of pregnancy, the woman tends to turn out her feet for stability. This puts undue stress on the tendons, muscles, and ligaments of the foot, which may cause pain or mechanical problems such as bunions, tendonitis, ingrown toenails, and other inflammatory conditions. A pregnant woman’s foot also can swell or enlarge anywhere form one to two sizes, causing discomfort. Other common complications include swelling of the legs, varicose veins, leg fatigue, and cramps.

WHAT ARE BLISTERS?
Blisters are painful, fluid-filled lesions, often caused by friction and pressure.

PROPERLY FITTING SHOES
Your feet bear the tremendous pressures of daily living. An average day of walking brings a force equal to several hundred tons to bear on your feet. In fact, your feet are subject to more injury than any other part of your body. Therefore you need to protect them with proper footwear.