Tuesday, October 24, 2017
   
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Nail fungus, or onychomycosis, is very common on the toenails. It presents as thicken yellowed, brown or white nails. This nail condition can be caused by a fungus, mold, yeast or a combination. The thickening of the nail can cause pain or discomfort to the surrounding tissue, especially when walking. The nail material can become soft and crumbly at times.

The nail condition can occur due to trauma to the nail or surrounding skin that allows the fungus, yeast or mold enter under the nail, or at the base of the nail. The condition is often seen with tinea (atheletes foot) or fungal infection of the skin. The nail condition can involved the entire nail, or a portion of the nail.

Nail fungus, or onychomycosis, is very common on the toenails. It presents as thicken yellowed, brown or white nails. This nail condition can be caused by a fungus, mold, yeast or a combination. The thickening of the nail can cause pain or discomfort to the surrounding tissue, especially when walking. The nail material can become soft and crumbly at times.

The nail condition can occur due to trauma to the nail or surrounding skin that allows the fungus, yeast or mold enter under the nail, or at the base of the nail. The condition is often seen with tinea (atheletes foot) or fungal infection of the skin. The nail condition can involved the entire nail, or a portion of the nail.

Treatment involves evaluation of the nails affected and the skin involvement. A sample of the nail can be useful in diagnosising the organism. The treatment can be performed topically and/or with oral medications. The topical treatments take time for a noticeable difference. Additionally, if the entire nail is involved, then the topical treatment may not perform as well. The oral medication can be taken daily for a period of time based on the extent of the involvement of the nails. Care must be taken to avoid interaction with other medications and blood work may need to be performed. If you have toe nail fungus there are treatment options available.

There are several things that you can do to help prevent the spread or the start of the fungal nails. Keep your feet clean and dry. Moisture will only encourage the growth of the fungus/yeast/mold. Wear socks made from material that wick away the moisture. Rotate your shoes, this will allow the shoes to air out and consider even spraying the inside of your shoes to aide in the elimination of any organism in the shoes. Avoid walking barefoot, especially in public places. Wear shoes to protect your feet, even flip flops can be helpful. It is also helpful to have proper fitting shoes. This will prevent any trauma to the nails, which can aide in the introduction of the fungus.