Tuesday, October 24, 2017
   
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A stress fracture is an incomplete crack in the bone caused by overuse.  A foot that is not structurally sound is prone to developing stress fractures.  Even a normal foot can easily develop a stress fracture from repetitive use.  Symptoms may include pain, redness, and swelling. 

STATISTICS:

  • 0.7-15% of athletics injuries are stress fractures.
  • Track athletes have the highest amount of stress fractures.
  • The first metatarsal accounts for 10% of metatarsal stress fractures.
  • The second, third and fourth metatarsals account for 90% if metatarsal injuries.
  • There is a decrease in the incidence of stress fractures in men with lean body mass.
  • 8.8% of stress fractures occur in the metatarsals.
  • 25.3% of stress fractures occur in the tarsal bones.
  • 0.9% of stress fractures occur in the sesamiods.
  • 28% of stress fractures occur in the calcaneus. 

CAUSES OF STRESS FRACTURES:

  • Overuse or strain of the foot.
  • Medical conditions such as osteoporosis.
  • Medications such as steroids.
  • Sudden increased activity level. 

WHAT CAN YOU DO?

  • Use cold compresses or ice.
  • Get complete rest.
  • Elevate the feet.
  • Stay off your feet. 

WHAT WILL A PODIATRIC PHYSICIAN DO FOR YOU?

  • Perform a physical examination.
  • Perform x-ray evaluation and future exams as needed.
  • Immobilize or cast the foot/leg.
  • Prescribe custom orthotics for long term control and prevention.
  • Prescribe medications when indicated.